How to Remove Unwanted Hairs on the Back

Men usually have trouble with a large amount of hair on their backs. Some women have this problem too, as some women tend to have patterned hair growths that extend from the lower region of the back toward the nape. Here are some methods that you might want to try in the effort to remove those unsightly hairs.

Electrolysis

Electrolysis has the formal benefit of being the only approved medical method for the removal of hairs from the skin. This hair removal method is a permanent one so make sure you really want the hairs to be gone forever before engaging in electrolysis. Electrolysis is the selective damaging of the hair follicles so that no new hair would grow back. The procedure is not completed in just one session; you have to go back a few times since individual follicles are ‘killed’ one by one.

While the procedure has been tagged as a permanent means of removing hair, there’s a chance that after a long period of time the hairs would grow back. This is because you have to ‘catch’ the hair follicles in the growth phase for the procedure to be effective. The method makes use of electricity that passes through a special needle-armed device. In addition, it doesn’t matter if you’re Eastern European, Middle Eastern, African-American or Asian; the procedure works well on all ethnicities, skin colors and skin types.

How about lasers?

Apart from the ouch component of electrolysis treatments, there’s a less painful hair removal procedure: laser hair removal. Here’s how laser hair removal works: a machine that emits specific wavelengths of light is used to seek out the melanin in the hairs. When the melanin absorbs the light, the hair is quickly damaged. The target areas usually experience hair loss in about 2 weeks. Some users report hair fall in as short a period as 10 days.

The basic advantage with using this procedure is you won’t have to wax or shave as much. Remember, not all the hairs would be removed but a significant portion or chunk of the total number of hairs would be removed. The guideline for laser hair removal is not strict. You can go to the cosmetic clinic with only a few days worth of hair growth and still be able to undergo the procedure. Depending on the kind of hair you want to be removed, you can shave daily as well.

The main disadvantage with the cost of laser hair removal is evident; most clinics charge at least $150 to $200 for basic hair removal. Full hair removal over a particular large region can jack up the price to $900 or even more. For some, that might be a bit much for something as simple as hair removal.

Laser removal isn’t painless, as well. Just like electrolysis, the first few sessions can be a tad but uncomfortable. You would feel a sensation similar to having your skin snapped by a stretch rubber band. Here’s an interesting factoid about laser hair removal. The dark your hair, the more painful the first few sessions. This is because the richer the melanin concentration, the more of emitted laser your hair absorbs.

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Safe Laser Hair Removal

Lasers are now the gold standard treatment for permanent hair reduction. In the right hands and using the correct machine, laser hair removal is a safe and effective procedure with few if any side effects.

In the wrong hands, using the wrong laser or using inappropriate laser settings the resulting treatment may be painful, may not work and can even produce permanent scaring and damage to the skin.

It is essential that your laser treatment is performed by fully qualified and experienced laser therapists, preferably this means a qualified nurse and not a beautician. The laser therapists must have been through the manufacturers training program specific for that laser and the clinic should be regulated by an appropriate organization. At present in the United Kingdom all laser clinics using a medical laser device should be regulated by the Care Quality Commission as a health care provider for that treatment.

How do Lasers Work?

A laser emits a high energy beam of light that is absorbed by the hair follicle. The laser is pulsed, or turned on, for only a fraction of a second, the duration of each pulse is just long enough to treat the hair follicle, and not damage the surrounding skin. Once absorbed, the laser light energy is transformed into heat, destroying the hair bulb at the base of the hair follicle.

The colour of your hair depends on the presence of a pigment called melanin, which is produced by melanocytes, found in the hair bulb. In laser hair removal, the target for the laser energy is this melanin pigment. Thus the more melanin an individual has in his/her hair, the more effective a laser’s energy will be absorbed into the follicle and the better the results will be.

What type of laser works the best on different skin types?

Different laser machines s produce beams of light energy at different wavelengths, for hair removal you need a laser that has a wavelength that is easily absorbed by melanin.

An individual with light skin and dark hair is the perfect subject for hair removal, the laser energy is therefore selectively absorbed by the hair bulb and not the surrounding skin, this reduces the potential thermal damage to the skin and allows you to be able to deliver more energy directly to the hair bulb.

Usually the gold standard on a dark haired light skinned client is a diode laser like the lightsheer laser which produces light filtered to almost the exact wavelength needed to be effective for hair removal, alternatively an alexandrite laser can also be very effective.

With dark skin and Asian skinned clients clinics need to use a laser that is more refined for that skin type, unlike on white skin an alexandrite laser may cause scaring to Asian or dark skin.

An Nd Yag laser has traditionally the best option for darker skin. However experience shows that an Nd Yag laser used on light skin or lighter Asian skin can cause scattering of the light energy and therefore painful treatments. I prefer to use a lightsheer diode laser which can be set up with a long pulse width. A lightsheer laser has a cooled tip that cools the surrounding skin reducing any residual thermal damage to the skin and excellent results are achieved with little if any discomfort at all.

White, blond and grey hair is not really suitable for laser hair removal as the hair bulbs do not contain as much melanin pigment so it is difficult to target the laser energy into the hair bulb and get effective results.

Different light devices are also available IPL stands for Intense pulsed light, these are devices that are not as powerful as a traditional laser and cannot maintain a pulse width or deliver the fluence or energy needed to be effective. You will therefore need more treatments in a salon using an cheaper, inferior IPL device and your results will not be as good as a traditional laser.

Home use hair removal devices use IPL technology and looking at the test results and the technical specifications cannot produce enough energy to get effective results and are therefore a waste of money.

With a traditional laser you will need 5 or 6 treatments to get effective results, going to a salons that uses an IPL devices will mean you need at least 10-12 sessions for the same results.

In Conclusion, go to a medically regulated clinic not a salon, be treated by a qualified technician preferably a nurse and make sure that the clinic is using a technology that works and is safe on your skin type.

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Phenylketonuria (PKU) And the Need For Good Nutrition

PKU is a genetic, metabolic disorder which prevents the body from oxidizing phenylalanine hydroxylase. As this chemical continues to build up, mental retardation, sometimes severe, may result, with very few of those with untreated PKU having an IQ over 50. It is important to have a low protein diet, the only way to remove the excess phenylalanine from the blood, and this diet should be started as early as possible to minimize the risk of mental retardation.

Testing for PKU is required for all newborn babies in the United States, as well as for those in other countries. Because of this testing and the ability to start treatment from an early age, there have been many people with PKU who have grown up and gone on to have children of their own. However, these women have to be careful to continue following the low-protein diet so that they do not put their children at risk for a number of serious conditions, including mental retardation, congenital heart disease, facial abnormalities and microcephaly (a small skull which is associated with retardation as well) (Source: Sarason and Sarason 2005)

There are usually no symptoms for the newborn baby with PKU, but they will develop them within a few months if there is no treatment. Some of these can include mental retardation, behavioral or social problems, seizures, tremors or jerking movements, usually in the arms and legs, hyperactivity, stunted growth, skin rashes, small head size (also called microcephaly) and a musty odor that is noted in the child’s breath, skin or urine, which is a result of too much of the amino acid phenylalanine. The child normally has fair skin and blue eyes because the phenylalanine is not able to transform into melanin, which is needed for darker hair and skin tone.

It is believed that the low-protein diet can be stopped once the child hits his teen years, however, this is not always true over the lifetime. A woman who is pregnant may have to go back to the low-protein diet to protect her unborn baby. Most babies born to PKU mothers do not inherit the disease themselves. Some doctors suggest that the diet be followed for the entire lifetime regardless. Each doctor will make a decision based on the individual patient rather than making a blanket decision.

Because this is a genetic disorder, it is important to know as much about your genetic history so that you will be aware of the risk factors. One parent can be a carrier but not have the actual disease, which will then cause the baby to be born with PKU. If only one person has the gene, then there is no risk for passing PKU on.

PKU is more common in those who are of Northern European or Native American ancestry and is less common in African Americans, Asians and Hispanics. (Source: Mayo Clinic)

When Alison and Jacob found out that they were going to have a baby, they were thrilled. However, after a check of their family background, they found out that they both have the defective gene responsible for PKU, meaning that their baby has a bigger chance of inheriting this rare, metabolic disorder. During their pregnancy, they study all of the information that they can get their hands on and consider whether or not they want to screen the baby before he is born, giving them additional time to get ready, or to wait until the birth to find out if he has PKU or not.

Allison is nervous and decides to have a test for PKU using chorionic villus sampling to test for PKU and a number of other conditions. For this test, a needle is inserted into the uterus through the abdomen or up through the cervix. A small sample is collected and then tested. If the baby does have PKU, the doctor will suggest genetic counseling and education.

The diet that the baby will have to follow will start with special formula until he is ready to be weaned. As he grows, he will also have to work to avoid certain common foods, which include milk, eggs and cheese, nuts, soybeans, beans, chicken, beef, fish, chocolate, peas and foods made with asparatame, an artificial sweetener which is found in a number of products like diet soft drinks and some medications. Other foods may also need to be limited, including pasta, rice, bread, cookies and some fruits and vegetables. The foods that are allowed should not be eaten too much either.

Allison is shocked to learn that she will not be able to breastfeed her baby either, because breast milk will also contain phenylalanine from the mother’s diet. She may be able to give him a small amount of breast milk because of the health benefits. As the baby gets older, he may be given a different formula as a supplement to his diet.

He may also need to have some low-protein substitutes of foods that resemble what others are eating – but these foods can be very expensive and may be available only in limited places.

The dietician will give Allison and Jacob several recipes to follow for the baby’s meals, including ways to eat healthy foods that are still low in protein. The couple knows they will have to pay careful attention to labels so that their baby stays as healthy as he possibly can. In addition to dealing with this condition, they have to deal with the higher cost of the care of their child, such as his meds and his meals.

It is important that Allison and Jacob get emotional support wherever they can, so they join an online PKU support group so that they can get advice and tips from families that are in the same position. They also like the idea of sharing their own advice with others as well. They work with a registered dietician who will help to guide them through the different stages in their baby’s life. Once a week, they will leave their baby with Allison’s mother who knows and understands the diet so they can go out and eat a “normal” meal without worrying about the restrictions and limits.

One of the couple’s concerns is school time. When the baby is old enough to go to school, Allison is worried about school lunches: will the school be able to accommodate the baby’s needs? What if he is trading lunches with other students once he gets there?

Both Allison and Jacob are also concerned about their own health. While the baby is going to need to follow a very low-protein diet, neither of them should, so while they will be eating much of the same foods as the baby, they will also both be using a protein supplement called Profect, from Protica, so that they can maintain their own strength and health status. They will get 25 grams of protein per serving and they can consume each in a matter of seconds as a between-meal snack. It is available in a number of different flavors so they do not have to stick with the same taste over and over.

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